Bandaging Tips and Tricks for Dogs and Cats

Bandaging is a common practice to achieve various goals in small animal practice. Limb or fracture immobilization, coverage of open wound management, coverage of a surgical site, and prevention of patient interference are all common reasons (though not an exhaustive list) to apply a bandage. While commonly done, bandaging is significantly more complicated, and even dangerous, than often appreciated. Anatomy of a Bandage Bandages can be dissected into primary, secondary, and tertiary layers. The primary…

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Back Basics: When and Why to Offer Neurosurgical Referral for Dogs

Spinal cord injury in the dog has a variety of stages (peracute to chronic) and severity (from complete paralysis) on emergency presentation to a planned appointment for back pain. While many diseases can cause damage to the spinal cord, it is key to recognize which diseases can be managed on an outpatientbasis and when patients should be referred for neurosurgical diagnostics and treatment. Common Diseases Causing Spinal Cord Injury in Dogs The most common diseases…

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Interlocking Nail Fracture Fixation and the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis in Dogs and Cats

Interlocking nail (ILN) fracture fixation is often considered the gold standard for the repair of many types of fracture configurations by human and veterinary surgeons. The procedure utilizes a large intramedullary rod through which interlocking bolts are placed distally and proximally on a long bone (Figures 1 & 2 ). It is typically used in humeral, femoral, and tibial fracture repair. Figure 1: Lateral radiographs of a right comminuted femoral fracture in a…

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Adventures in Pathology: Diagnose the Abdominal Mass in This Dog

Diagnose the Abdominal Mass in This Dog Read this presenting complaint and history below, evaluate the slides and make your diagnosis.  Presenting Complaint and History An 11-year-old male neutered Golden Retriever mix was presented to the MedVet Mandeville Internal Medicine team with a history of a single bout of vomiting. An abdominal ultrasound revealed four mixed echogenic masses in the left and right abdomen, which did not have any appreciable connection to specific organs.

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Tips for Evaluating Dogs With Elbow Dysplasia

Tips for Evaluating Dogs With Elbow Dysplasia Forelimb lameness, whether unilateral or bilateral, in our canine patients can be difficult to assess and seem overwhelming. There are many potential causes of forelimb lameness making the physical examination a very important initial diagnostic tool. Even before the initial examination, the signalment of the patient is paramount in making the correct diagnosis. The age of the dog can greatly aid the clinician, as there are certain disease…

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